Students with Specific Learning Difficulties

Specific Learning Difficulties (SLD) is a term given to a number of conditions that affect a person’s ability to learn. SLD's are characterised by particular difficulties with one or more of the processes required for fluent reading, writing and number work. They might include difficulties with memory, organisation and co-ordination. People with SLD have average or above average intelligence, but they perform less well in some aspects of learning than in other activities.

Examples of SLD are dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder (DCD/ dyspraxia) and dyscalculia, with dyslexia being the most commonly diagnosed. The characteristics of these conditions overlap and vary in degree between individuals.

Those affected by dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder (DCD/ dyspraxia) and dyscalculia or any combination of these learning difficulties, often underachieve within the education system unless they receive appropriate support enabling them to minimise their weaknesses and utilise their strengths. Many underperform in examinations.