Contemporary popular discussion of God and creation focus on the consistency or otherwise of Darwinian evolution with the account of creation outlined in Genesis, but it was not always so. Prior to the explosion in contemporary atheist/theist apologetics, philosophers engaged with the question of creation from a rigorously systematic background in metaphysics which in turn provided the tools for interpreting the Genesis account. In this paper I want to look at one such metaphysics of creation, that inspired by St Thomas Aquinas wherein to be created is simply to depend on God for one’s existence, so that creation is not taken to be inconsistent with the universe’s not having had a beginning. Consequently, all that in any way exists on this account does so not primarily because of some temporal sequence of events at the beginning of time, but because of a dependency relation that such things have to God as creator, and that will in turn affect how a Thomist can approach the standoff between Darwinian evolution and certain readings of Genesis.
Chair: Dr Amos Edelheit
Response: Dr Mette Lebech