Dr Caroline Brophy

Mathematics and Statistics, Hamilton Institute

Lecturer

Logic House
130
(01) 708 4641

Biography

2008-present: Lecturer in Statistics, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Maynooth University.
2004-2008: PhD in Statistics, School of Mathematical Sciences, University College Dublin, Ireland.

Other
Associate Editor for the Journal of Ecology (2013 - present)
Co-convenor for the Maynooth University 'Crops, Plants and the Bioeconomy' Cluster (2014 - 2016)
Chair of organising committee for CASI 2013 (www.casi.ie/CASI_2013)
Member of the Irish Statistical Association executive committee (2008 - 2014)
Member of the Irish Statistical Association (2003 - present)
Member of the Ecological Society of America (2006, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2017)

Research
My research interests lie mostly in the development and application of statistical models to non-standard situations in ecology, agronomy and global change studies.   I am currently working on the development of modelling tools to describe aspects of the biodiversity and ecosystem function relationship. I am particularly interested in species rich systems, multifunctionality and the changing dynamics of species in grassland, bacterial or other ecosystem types. In the past I have also worked in areas such as reproductive allometry in plants, competition among allergenic plant species and nitrate leaching on farms.  

Book Chapters

  Year Publication
2014 'A mixture model and bootstrap analysis to assess reproductive allocation in plants'
Brophy C, DJ Gibson, PW Wayne and J Connolly (2014) 'A mixture model and bootstrap analysis to assess reproductive allocation in plants' In: Statistical Modelling in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics. Springer. [Details]

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
2018 'Weed suppression greatly increased by plant diversity in intensively managed grasslands: a continental-scale experiment'
Connolly J, M-T Sebastia, L Kirwan, JA Finn, R Llurba, M Suter, R Collins, C Porqueddu, Á Helgadottir, O Baadshaug, G Belanger, A Black, C Brophy, J Cop, S Dalmannsdottir, I Delgado; A Elgersma, M Fothergill, B Frankow-Lindberg, A Ghesquiere, P Golinski, P Grieu, A-M Gustavsson, M Hoglind, O Huguenin-Elie, M Jorgensen, Z Kadziuliene, T Lunnan, P Kurki, A Ribas, F Taube, U Thumm, A De Vliegher, A Lüscher. (2018) 'Weed suppression greatly increased by plant diversity in intensively managed grasslands: a continental-scale experiment'. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55 (2):852-862 [DOI] [IR Link] [Details]
2018 'Quantifying uncertainty and correcting bias in ECMWF weather forecasts for Irish synoptic weather stations to evaluate their potential usefulness in grass growth models'
McDonnell, J., Lambkin, K., Fealy, R., Hennessy , D., Shalloo, L. and Brophy, C. (2018) 'Quantifying uncertainty and correcting bias in ECMWF weather forecasts for Irish synoptic weather stations to evaluate their potential usefulness in grass growth models'. Meteorological Applications, [Details]
2017 'The proxy-measurement of intelligence quotients using a relational skills abilities index'
Colbert, D., Dobutowitsch, M., Roche, B., & Brophy, C (2017) 'The proxy-measurement of intelligence quotients using a relational skills abilities index'. Learning and Individual Differences, 57 :114-122 [DOI] [Details]
2017 'Biodiversity and ecosystem function: Making sense of numerous species interactions in multi-species communities'
C Brophy, Á Dooley, L Kirwan, JA Finn, J McDonnell, T Bell, MW Cadotte and J Connolly (2017) 'Biodiversity and ecosystem function: Making sense of numerous species interactions in multi-species communities'. Ecology (Ecological Society of America), 98 (7):1771-1778 [IR Link] [Details]
2017 'Major shifts in species’ relative abundance in grassland mixtures alongside positive effects of species diversity in yield: a continental-scale experiment'
C Brophy, JA Finn, A Lüscher, M Suter, L Kirwan, MT Sebastià, Á Helgadóttir, OH Baadshaug, G Bélanger, A Black, RP Collins, J Čop, S Dalmannsdottir, I Delgado, A Elgersma, M Fothergill, BE Frankow-Lindberg, A Ghesquiere, B Golinska, P Golinski, P Grieu, AM Gustavsson, M Höglind, O Huguenin-Elie, M Jørgensen, Z Kadziuliene, P Kurki, R Llurba, T Lunnan, C Porqueddu, U Thumm and J Connolly (2017) 'Major shifts in species’ relative abundance in grassland mixtures alongside positive effects of species diversity in yield: a continental-scale experiment'. Journal of Ecology, 105 (5):1210-1222 [DOI] [Details]
2017 'An entomopathogenic nematode extends its niche by associating with different symbionts'
Maher, AMD, MAM Asaiyah, C Brophy and CT Griffin (2017) 'An entomopathogenic nematode extends its niche by associating with different symbionts'. Microbial Ecology, 73 :211-223 [DOI] [Details]
2015 'Testing the effects of diversity on ecosystem multifunctionality using a multivariate model. '
Dooley Á, F Isbell, L Kirwan, J Connolly, J Finn, C Brophy (2015) 'Testing the effects of diversity on ecosystem multifunctionality using a multivariate model. '. Ecology Letters, 18 :1242-1251 [IR Link] [Details]
2015 'Effect of an agri-environmental measure on nitrate leaching from a beef farming system in Ireland'
Richards KG, MMR Jahangir, M Drennan, JJ Lenehan, J Connolly, C Brophy, OT Carton (2015) 'Effect of an agri-environmental measure on nitrate leaching from a beef farming system in Ireland'. AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT, 202 :17-24 [IR Link] [Details]
2014 'Benefits of mixing grasses and legumes for herbage yield and nutritive value in Northern Europe and Canada'
Sturludóttir E, C Brophy, G Bélanger, AM Gustavsson, M Jørgensen, T Lunnan and Á Helgadóttir (2014) 'Benefits of mixing grasses and legumes for herbage yield and nutritive value in Northern Europe and Canada'. Grass and Forage Science, 69 :229-240 [IR Link] [Details]
2014 'Engaging Students in a Large Lecture: An Experiment using Sudoku Puzzles'
Brophy C and L Hahn (2014) 'Engaging Students in a Large Lecture: An Experiment using Sudoku Puzzles'. JOURNAL OF STATISTICS EDUCATION, 22 [IR Link] [Details]
2014 'The Agrodiversity Experiment: three years of data from a multisite study in intensively managed grasslands'
Kirwan L, J Connolly, C Brophy, O Baadshaug, G Belanger, A Black, T Carnus, R Collins, J Čop, I Delgado, A De Vliegher, A Elgersma, B Frankow-Lindberg, P Golinski, P Grieu, AM Gustavsson, Helgadttir, M Hglind, O Huguenin-Elie, M Jrgensen, Kadiulienė, T Lunnan, A Lscher, P Kurki, C Porqueddu, MT Sebastia, U Thumm, D Walmsley and J Finn (2014) 'The Agrodiversity Experiment: three years of data from a multisite study in intensively managed grasslands'. ECOLOGY, 95 [IR Link] [Details]
2013 'Ecosystem function enhanced by combining four functional types of plant species in intensively managed grassland mixtures: a 3-year continental-scale field experiment'
Finn JA, L Kirwan, J Connolly, MT Sebastià, Á Helgadottir, OH Baadshaug, G Bélanger, A Black, C Brophy, RP Collins, J Čop, S Dalmannsdóttir, I Delgado, A Elgersma, M Fothergill, BE Frankow-Lindberg, A Ghesquiere, B Golinska, P Golinski, P Grieu, AM Gustavsson, M Höglind, O Huguenin-Elie, M Jørgensen, Z Kadziuliene, P Kurki, R Llurba, T Lunnan, C Porqueddu, M Suter, U Thumm and A Lüscher (2013) 'Ecosystem function enhanced by combining four functional types of plant species in intensively managed grassland mixtures: a 3-year continental-scale field experiment'. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50 :365-375 [IR Link] [Details]
2013 'An improved model to predict the effects of changing biodiversity levels on ecosystem function'
Connolly J, T Bell, T Bolger, C Brophy, T Carnus, JA Finn, L Kirwan, F Isbell, J Levine, A Lüscher, V Picasso, C Roscher, MT Sebastia, M Suter and A Weigelt (2013) 'An improved model to predict the effects of changing biodiversity levels on ecosystem function'. 101 :344-355 [IR Link] [Details]
2012 'The effect of the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD) on herbage production when applied at different times and rates in the autumn and winter'
O'Connor PJ, D Hennessy, C Brophy, M O’Donovan and MB Lynch (2012) 'The effect of the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD) on herbage production when applied at different times and rates in the autumn and winter'. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 152 :79-89 [IR Link] [Details]
2011 'A baseline category logit model for assessing competing strains of Rhizobium bacteria'
Brophy C, J Connolly, IL Fagerli, S Duodu and MM Svenning (2011) 'A baseline category logit model for assessing competing strains of Rhizobium bacteria'. JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ST, 16 :409-421 [IR Link] [Details]
2011 'Phylogenetically diverse grasslands are associated with pairwise interspecific processes that increase biomass'
Connolly J, MJ Cadotte, C Brophy, Á Dooley, JA Finn, L Kirwan, C Roscher and A Weigelt (2011) 'Phylogenetically diverse grasslands are associated with pairwise interspecific processes that increase biomass'. Journal of Ecology, 92 :1385-1392 [IR Link] [Details]
2011 'Catching up on global change: new ragweed genotypes emerge in elevated CO2 conditions'
Stinson KA, C Brophy and Connolly J (2011) 'Catching up on global change: new ragweed genotypes emerge in elevated CO2 conditions'. Ecosphere, 2, art46 [IR Link] [Details]
2009 'Effects of multi-species swards on dry matter production and the incidence of unsown species at three Irish sites'
Connolly J, JA Finn, AD Black, L Kirwan, C Brophy and A Lüscher (2009) 'Effects of multi-species swards on dry matter production and the incidence of unsown species at three Irish sites'. Irish Journal Of Agricultural And Food Research, 48 :243-260 [IR Link] [Details]
2009 'Competitiveness of a native Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strain for nodule occupancy is manifested during infection'
Duodu S, C Brophy, J Connolly and MM Svenning (2009) 'Competitiveness of a native Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar trifolii strain for nodule occupancy is manifested during infection'. PLANT AND SOIL, 318 :117-126 [IR Link] [Details]
2009 'Positive biodiversity effects in a temperate forage ecosystem present over three years'
Frankow-Lindberg BE, C Brophy, RP Collins and J Connolly (2009) 'Positive biodiversity effects in a temperate forage ecosystem present over three years'. ANNALS OF BOTANY, 103 :913-921 [Details]
2009 'Diversity-interaction modelling - estimating contributions of species identities and interactions to ecosystem function'
Kirwan L, Connolly J, Finn JA, Brophy C, Lüscher A, Nyfeler D and Sebastià M (2009) 'Diversity-interaction modelling - estimating contributions of species identities and interactions to ecosystem function'. ECOLOGY, 90 :2032-2038 [IR Link] [Details]
2008 'How reproductive allocation and flowering probability of individuals in plant populations are affected by position in stand size hierarchy, plant size and CO2 regime'
Brophy C, DJ Gibson, PM Wayne and J Connolly (2008) 'How reproductive allocation and flowering probability of individuals in plant populations are affected by position in stand size hierarchy, plant size and CO2 regime'. JOURNAL OF PLANT ECOLOGY, 1 :207-215 [IR Link] [Details]
2008 'Benefits of sward diversity for agricultural grasslands'
Lüscher A, JA Finn, J Connolly, MT Sebastia, RP Collins, M Fothergill, C Porqueddu, C Brophy, O Huguenin-elie, L Kirwan, D Nyfeler and A Helgadottir (2008) 'Benefits of sward diversity for agricultural grasslands'. BIODIVERSITY, 9 :29-32 [Details]
2007 'Evenness drives consistent diversity effects in intensive grassland systems across 28 European sites'
Kirwan L, A Lüscher, MT Sebastià, JA Finn, RP Collins, C Porqueddu, A Helgadottir, OH Baadshaug, C Brophy, C Coran, S Dalmannsdóttir, I Delgado, A Elgersma, M Fothergill, BE Frankow-Lindberg, P Golinski, P Grieu, AM Gustavsson, M Höglind, O Huguenin-Elie, C Iliadis, M Jørgensen, Z Kadziuliene, T Karyotis, T Lunnan, M Malengier, S Maltoni, V Meyer, D Nyfeler, P Nykanen-Kurki, J Parente, HJ Smit, U Thumm and J Connolly (2007) 'Evenness drives consistent diversity effects in intensive grassland systems across 28 European sites'. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 95 :530-539 [IR Link] [Details]
2007 'A modelling framework for analysing the reproductive output of individual plants grown in monoculture'
Brophy C, DJ Gibson, PM Wayne and J Connolly (2007) 'A modelling framework for analysing the reproductive output of individual plants grown in monoculture'. ECOLOGICAL MODELLING, 207 :99-108 [IR Link] [Details]
2006 'Monitoring of nitrogen leaching on a dairy farm during four drainage seasons'
Ryan M, C Brophy, J Connolly, K Mc Namara and OT Carton (2006) 'Monitoring of nitrogen leaching on a dairy farm during four drainage seasons'. IRISH JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD RESEARCH, 45 :115-134 [IR Link] [Details]

Conference Publications

  Year Publication
2010 Multi-species mixtures - new perspectives on models and mechanisms
Connolly J, T Bell, C Brophy, T Carnus, JA Finn, L Kirwan, A Lüscher, MT Sebastia and A Weigelt (2010) Multi-species mixtures - new perspectives on models and mechanisms Grassland Science in Europe, 15 , pp.782-784 [Details]
2008 The benefits of sward diversity for cultivated grasslands
Helgadóttir A, J Connolly, R Collins, M Fothergill, M Kreuzer, A Lüscher, C Porqueddu, MT Sebastià, M Wachendorf, C Brophy, JA Finn, L Kirwan and D Nyfeler (2008) The benefits of sward diversity for cultivated grasslands Grassland Science in Europe, 13 , pp.39-51 [Details]
2008 Site effects on species productivity and dynamics: results from COST 852 in Wales
Collins RP, M Fothergill, E Rees, L Kirwan, C Brophy and J Connolly (2008) Site effects on species productivity and dynamics: results from COST 852 in Wales Grassland Science in Europe, 13 , pp.230-232 [Details]