Biography

As a spatial data scientist and urban geographer, my research is focused broadly on better understanding how urban spatial structure and transportation systems influence economic, environmental, and social outcomes in order to help solve the complex ongoing crises facing our interconnected global society in the 21st century: economic inequality, climate change, widespread health disparities, and other forms of social, racial, and environmental injustice. Cities are complex systems, and their spatial organisation has a direct impact on basically every feature of human life: how our economy functions, how new ideas are generated, how people have access to jobs, how they interact with their friends and strangers, how they get exercise, how they get their food, how they vote, and how much they pollute – and the decisions that city governments make (or don’t make) thus have far-reaching impacts on people’s health, economic behaviour, and relative social advantage or disadvantage.

I study these topics mostly using quantitative, data-driven approaches because I believe that “data is power,” and although all policy decisions inherently occur in a political framework (and structural political change is certainly a prerequisite for solving these complex problems), quantitative data and statistical analysis – when properly applied and understood – can provide powerful evidence in favour of particular policies that can foster beneficial change in the world. To make change, we always need to know the empirical situation: the drivers, consequences, and outcomes of urban spatial structure and planning policies. And as the data and methods used to characterise the empirical situation become more complex, we need to likewise sharpen our understanding and interpretation of these data and methods, which includes understanding how spatial ways of thinking and explicitly spatial methodological approaches can be used to analyse large datasets and can be better integrated into conventional statistical and newer machine learning methods.

These interests have manifested themselves in a number of peer-reviewed publications in scholarly journals such as Spatial Economic AnalysisUrban StudiesEnvironment and Planning – BIndustry and Innovation, the International Journal of Health GeographicsThe Review of Regional Studies, and Urban Affairs Reviewcovering topics such as the impact of transit construction on adjacent new business creation, spatial optimisation approaches for siting community gardens, and the impact of new business creation on inner city employment. Some of my recent work has been profiled in CityLab.

Looking ahead, my current research program includes ongoing and planned projects on a variety of related topics, including the impact of transit construction on regional greenhouse gas emissions, the features underlying observed racial and ethnic disparity in COVID-19 infection rates, the evolving retail “apocalypse” at the regional scale, and the development of spatially-explicit random forest models (among others). Before coming to Maynooth, I worked as an Assistant Instructional Professor of GIScience and was the Assistant Director for Urban Informatics at the Center for Spatial Data Science (CSDS) at the University of Chicago. I graduated from Michigan State University in 2018 with a PhD in Geography. Before pursuing my doctorate, I worked as a long-range planner for two years in Manhattan, Kansas. I was the Staff Liaison to the Historic Resources Board, and worked on many GIS, demographic, and economic analyses. I received my AICP certification in May 2014.

Follow me on Twitter @KevinCredit for periodic research updates, and check out my profiles on Planetizen (where I teach courses on location optimisation), Google ScholarResearchGate, and LinkedIn. I will also be filming two spatial data visualisation tutorials (choropleth mapping and flow mapping) for an upcoming video series from SAGE Research Methods in spring 2021, so check those out as well!

Research Interests

Spatial data science, machine learning, non-auto transportation, entrepreneurship, health geography, retail location

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
2021 'Spatial Models or Random Forest? Evaluating the Use of Spatially Explicit Machine Learning Methods to Predict Employment Density around New Transit Stations in Los Angeles'
Credit, K (2021) 'Spatial Models or Random Forest? Evaluating the Use of Spatially Explicit Machine Learning Methods to Predict Employment Density around New Transit Stations in Los Angeles'. Geographical Analysis, [DOI] [Details]
2021 'The pandemic economy: Exploring the change in new business license activity in chicago, usa from march – september, 2020'
Credit K.;van Lieshout E. (2021) 'The pandemic economy: Exploring the change in new business license activity in chicago, usa from march – september, 2020'. Region, 8 (2):29-56 [DOI] [Details]
2021 'Exploring neighbourhood-level mobility inequity in Chicago using dynamic transportation mode choice profiles'
Credit K.;Dias G.;Li B. (2021) 'Exploring neighbourhood-level mobility inequity in Chicago using dynamic transportation mode choice profiles'. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 12 [DOI] [Details]
2021 'A framework for delineating the scale, extent and characteristics of American retail centre agglomerations'
Ballantyne P.;Singleton A.;Dolega L.;Credit K. (2021) 'A framework for delineating the scale, extent and characteristics of American retail centre agglomerations'. Environment And Planning B: Urban Analytics And City Science, [DOI] [Details]
2020 'Neighbourhood inequity: Exploring the factors underlying racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 testing and infection rates using ZIP code data in Chicago and New York'
Credit K. (2020) 'Neighbourhood inequity: Exploring the factors underlying racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 testing and infection rates using ZIP code data in Chicago and New York'. Regional Science Policy And Practice, 12 (6):1249-1271 [DOI] [Details]
2019 'Transitive properties: a spatial econometric analysis of new business creation around transit'
Credit K. (2019) 'Transitive properties: a spatial econometric analysis of new business creation around transit'. Spatial Economic Analysis, 14 (1):26-52 [DOI] [full-text] [Details]
2019 'Accessibility and agglomeration: A theoretical framework for understanding the connection between transportation modes, agglomeration benefits, and types of businesses'
Credit K. (2019) 'Accessibility and agglomeration: A theoretical framework for understanding the connection between transportation modes, agglomeration benefits, and types of businesses'. Geography Compass, 13 (4) [DOI] [full-text] [Details]
2019 'New Business Activity and Employment Dynamics in the Inner City: The Case of Phoenix, Arizona'
Mack E.;Credit K. (2019) 'New Business Activity and Employment Dynamics in the Inner City: The Case of Phoenix, Arizona'. Urban Affairs Review, 55 (2):530-557 [DOI] [full-text] [Details]
2019 'Place-making and performance: The impact of walkable built environments on business performance in Phoenix and Boston'
Credit K.;Mack E. (2019) 'Place-making and performance: The impact of walkable built environments on business performance in Phoenix and Boston'. Environment And Planning B: Urban Analytics And City Science, 46 (2):264-285 [DOI] [full-text] [Details]
2019 'A Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO) Analytical Framework for Assessing the Regional Economic Impacts of Rising Water Prices'
Kevin Credit, Elizabeth Mack, and Sarah Wrase (2019) 'A Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO) Analytical Framework for Assessing the Regional Economic Impacts of Rising Water Prices'. Review of Regional Studies, 49 (2) [full-text] [Details]
2018 'A comparative analysis of firm co-location behaviour in the Detroit metropolitan area'
Mack E.A.;Credit K.;Suandi M. (2018) 'A comparative analysis of firm co-location behaviour in the Detroit metropolitan area'. Industry and Innovation, 25 (3):264-281 [DOI] [full-text] [Details]
2018 'Transit-oriented economic development: The impact of light rail on new business starts in the Phoenix, AZ Region, USA'
Credit K. (2018) 'Transit-oriented economic development: The impact of light rail on new business starts in the Phoenix, AZ Region, USA'. Urban Studies, 55 (13):2838-2862 [DOI] [full-text] [Details]
2018 'State of the field: Data and metrics for geographic analyses of entrepreneurial ecosystems'
Credit, K;Mack, EA;Mayer, H (2018) 'State of the field: Data and metrics for geographic analyses of entrepreneurial ecosystems'. Geography Compass, 12 [DOI] [Details]
2017 'Gardening in the desert: A spatial optimization approach to locating gardens in rapidly expanding urban environments'
Mack E.A.;Tong D.;Credit K. (2017) 'Gardening in the desert: A spatial optimization approach to locating gardens in rapidly expanding urban environments'. International Journal of Health Geographics, 16 (1) [DOI] [full-text] [Details]

Book Chapters

  Year Publication
2018 'The Intra-Metropolitan Geography of Entrepreneurship: a Spatial, Temporal, and Industrial Analysis (1989-2010)'
Kevin Credit and Elizabeth Mack (2018) 'The Intra-Metropolitan Geography of Entrepreneurship: a Spatial, Temporal, and Industrial Analysis (1989-2010)' In: Geographies of Entrepreneurship. New York: Taylor and Francis. [Details]

Honours and Awards

  Year Title Awarding Body
2022 Best Paper in Regional Science Policy and Practice Regional Science Policy and Practice

Professional Associations

  Association Function From / To
Center for Spatial Data Science Fellow /
Geography Society of Ireland Member /
Geography Society of Ireland Member /
American Collegiate Schools of Planning Member /
Association of American Geographers Member /
Regional Science Association International Member /

Employment

  Employer Position From / To
Maynooth University Lecturer 01-FEB-21 /
University of Chicago Assistant Director for Urban Informatics, Assistant Instructional Professor in GIScience 01-JUL-18 / 31-JAN-21

Education

  Year Institution Qualification Subject
2010 University of Kansas BA English
2018 Michigan State University PhD Geography
2012 Kansas State University Masters Regional and Community Planning

Other Activities

  Description

https://courses.planetizen.com/instructor/kevin-credit